Uganda, a land-locked country in Eastern Africa, is bordered by Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The capital city is Kampala, and the entire country spreads over an area of 236, 040 square kms, with an estimated population of approximately 32.5 million. The official language is English, though there are over forty local languages spoken. The other major language is Luganda, with the highest number of speakers, though the second official language is Kiswahili, a decision which was not unanimously approved throughout the country.
The geographical features of Uganda have resulted in it being known as the ‘pearl of Africa.’ This is due to the beauty, particularly of the spectacular marshy areas around Lake Kyoga, into which the Victoria Nile drains, from there going into Lake Albert. The climate is on the whole equatorial, though the temperature variations are large.
Uganda is distinct from many other African countries in terms of its HIV/AIDS success stories. It seems monogamy is a much more common practice in Uganda, and the openness and acceptance helps to stop the virus from spreading, as people are not made to deal with more consequences than the immediate effects of the disease itself (i.e. being disowned and labeled with a crippling stigma). The politics of Uganda, their most famous moment being the notorious rule of Idi Amin, have since calmed a little. The current President is Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, and there is also a prime minister and a vice president.